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Psychiatry Res. 2015 Aug 30;228(3):312-7. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2015.05.095. Epub 2015 Jun 29.

Compulsive buying: Earlier illicit drug use, impulse buying, depression, and adult ADHD symptoms.

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Department of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA. Electronic address:
Department of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA.
Department of Behavioral Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506-9983, USA.


This longitudinal study examined the association between psychosocial antecedents, including illicit drug use, and adult compulsive buying (CB) across a 29-year time period from mean age 14 to mean age 43. Participants originally came from a community-based random sample of residents in two upstate New York counties. Multivariate linear regression analysis was used to study the relationship between the participant's earlier psychosocial antecedents and adult CB in the fifth decade of life. The results of the multivariate linear regression analyses showed that gender (female), earlier adult impulse buying (IB), depressive mood, illicit drug use, and concurrent ADHD symptoms were all significantly associated with adult CB at mean age 43. It is important that clinicians treating CB in adults should consider the role of drug use, symptoms of ADHD, IB, depression, and family factors in CB.


Attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity; Compulsive buying; Depression; Illicit drug use; Impulse buying; Longitudinal studies; Public health

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