PMID- 26164654
DCOM- 20160706
LR  - 20181202
IS  - 1877-783X (Electronic)
IS  - 1877-7821 (Linking)
VI  - 39 Suppl 1
DP  - 2015 Dec
TI  - European Code against Cancer 4th Edition: 12 ways to reduce your cancer risk.
PG  - S1-10
LID - 10.1016/j.canep.2015.05.009 [doi]
LID - S1877-7821(15)00127-7 [pii]
AB  - This overview describes the principles of the 4th edition of the European Code
      against Cancer and provides an introduction to the 12 recommendations to reduce
      cancer risk. Among the 504.6 million inhabitants of the member states of the
      European Union (EU28), there are annually 2.64 million new cancer cases and 1.28 
      million deaths from cancer. It is estimated that this cancer burden could be
      reduced by up to one half if scientific knowledge on causes of cancer could be
      translated into successful prevention. The Code is a preventive tool aimed to
      reduce the cancer burden by informing people how to avoid or reduce carcinogenic 
      exposures, adopt behaviours to reduce the cancer risk, or to participate in
      organised intervention programmes. The Code should also form a base to guide
      national health policies in cancer prevention. The 12 recommendations are: not
      smoking or using other tobacco products; avoiding second-hand smoke; being a
      healthy body weight; encouraging physical activity; having a healthy diet;
      limiting alcohol consumption, with not drinking alcohol being better for cancer
      prevention; avoiding too much exposure to ultraviolet radiation; avoiding
      cancer-causing agents at the workplace; reducing exposure to high levels of
      radon; encouraging breastfeeding; limiting the use of hormone replacement
      therapy; participating in organised vaccination programmes against hepatitis B
      for newborns and human papillomavirus for girls; and participating in organised
      screening programmes for bowel cancer, breast cancer, and cervical cancer.
CI  - Copyright (c) 2015 International Agency for Research on Cancer. Published by
      Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
FAU - Schuz, Joachim
AU  - Schuz J
AD  - International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Lyon, France. Electronic
FAU - Espina, Carolina
AU  - Espina C
AD  - International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Lyon, France.
FAU - Villain, Patricia
AU  - Villain P
AD  - International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Lyon, France.
FAU - Herrero, Rolando
AU  - Herrero R
AD  - International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Lyon, France.
FAU - Leon, Maria E
AU  - Leon ME
AD  - International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Lyon, France.
FAU - Minozzi, Silvia
AU  - Minozzi S
AD  - CPO Piedmont, University Hospital "Citta della Salute e della Scienza", Turin,
FAU - Romieu, Isabelle
AU  - Romieu I
AD  - International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Lyon, France.
FAU - Segnan, Nereo
AU  - Segnan N
AD  - CPO Piedmont, University Hospital "Citta della Salute e della Scienza", Turin,
FAU - Wardle, Jane
AU  - Wardle J
AD  - University College London, London, UK.
FAU - Wiseman, Martin
AU  - Wiseman M
AD  - World Cancer Research Fund International, London, UK.
FAU - Belardelli, Filippo
AU  - Belardelli F
AD  - Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy.
FAU - Bettcher, Douglas
AU  - Bettcher D
AD  - World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
FAU - Cavalli, Franco
AU  - Cavalli F
AD  - Oncology Institute of Southern Switzerland, Bellinzona, Switzerland.
FAU - Galea, Gauden
AU  - Galea G
AD  - World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen, Denmark.
FAU - Lenoir, Gilbert
AU  - Lenoir G
AD  - Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France.
FAU - Martin-Moreno, Jose M
AU  - Martin-Moreno JM
AD  - University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain.
FAU - Nicula, Florian Alexandru
AU  - Nicula FA
AD  - Oncology Institute "Prof. Dr I. Chiricuta", Cluj-Napoca, Romania.
FAU - Olsen, Jorgen H
AU  - Olsen JH
AD  - Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Copenhagen, Denmark.
FAU - Patnick, Julietta
AU  - Patnick J
AD  - Public Health England, Sheffield, UK.
FAU - Primic-Zakelj, Maja
AU  - Primic-Zakelj M
AD  - Institute of Oncology, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
FAU - Puska, Pekka
AU  - Puska P
AD  - National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland.
FAU - van Leeuwen, Flora E
AU  - van Leeuwen FE
AD  - Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
FAU - Wiestler, Otmar
AU  - Wiestler O
AD  - German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany.
FAU - Zatonski, Witold
AU  - Zatonski W
AD  - Maria Skoldowska-Curie Cancer Center and Institute of Oncology, Warsaw, Poland.
CN  - Working Groups of Scientific Experts
LA  - eng
GR  - 001/World Health Organization/International
GR  - MR/K023195/1/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
DEP - 20150709
PL  - Netherlands
TA  - Cancer Epidemiol
JT  - Cancer epidemiology
JID - 101508793
SB  - IM
MH  - European Union
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - *Practice Guidelines as Topic
MH  - Quality Assurance, Health Care/*standards
MH  - Risk Factors
MH  - Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/diagnosis/etiology/*prevention & control
OT  - Cancer prevention
OT  - Cancer risk factors
OT  - Cancer screening
OT  - Europe
IR  - Guha N
FIR - Guha, Neela
IRAD- Tobacco.
IR  - Kralikova E
FIR - Kralikova, Eva
IRAD- Tobacco.
IR  - McNeill A
FIR - McNeill, Anne
IRAD- Tobacco.
IR  - Peruga A
FIR - Peruga, Armando
IRAD- Tobacco.
IR  - Anderson A
FIR - Anderson, Annie
IRAD- Nutrition.
IR  - Berrino F
FIR - Berrino, Franco
IRAD- Nutrition.
IR  - Boutron-Ruault MC
FIR - Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine
IRAD- Nutrition.
IR  - Cecchini M
FIR - Cecchini, Michele
IRAD- Nutrition.
IR  - Key TJ
FIR - Key, Tim J
IRAD- Nutrition.
IR  - Leitzmann M
FIR - Leitzmann, Michael
IRAD- Nutrition.
IR  - Norat T
FIR - Norat, Teresa
IRAD- Nutrition.
IR  - Powers HJ
FIR - Powers, Hilary J
IRAD- Nutrition.
IR  - Scoccianti C
FIR - Scoccianti, Chiara
IRAD- Nutrition.
IR  - Auvinen A
FIR - Auvinen, Anssi
IRAD- Radiation.
IR  - de Vries E
FIR - de Vries, Esther
IRAD- Radiation.
IR  - Erdmann F
FIR - Erdmann, Friederike
IRAD- Radiation.
IR  - Greinert R
FIR - Greinert, Rudiger
IRAD- Radiation.
IR  - Harrison J
FIR - Harrison, John
IRAD- Radiation.
IR  - Kesminiene A
FIR - Kesminiene, Ausrele
IRAD- Radiation.
IR  - McColl N
FIR - McColl, Neil
IRAD- Radiation.
IR  - Friis S
FIR - Friis, Soren
IRAD- Environment and occupation.
IR  - Kogevinas M
FIR - Kogevinas, Manolis
IRAD- Environment and occupation.
IR  - Saracci R
FIR - Saracci, Rodolfo
IRAD- Environment and occupation.
IR  - Straif K
FIR - Straif, Kurt
IRAD- Environment and occupation.
IR  - Vainio H
FIR - Vainio, Harri
IRAD- Environment and occupation.
IR  - Almonte M
FIR - Almonte, Maribel
IRAD- Infections.
IR  - Anttila A
FIR - Anttila, Ahti
IRAD- Infections.
IR  - De Vuyst H
FIR - De Vuyst, Hugo
IRAD- Infections.
IR  - Dillner J
FIR - Dillner, Joakim
IRAD- Infections.
IR  - Franceschi S
FIR - Franceschi, Silvia
IRAD- Infections.
IR  - Gonzalez P
FIR - Gonzalez, Paula
IRAD- Infections.
IR  - Hall A
FIR - Hall, Andrew
IRAD- Infections.
IR  - Park JY
FIR - Park, Jin Young
IRAD- Infections.
IR  - Armaroli P
FIR - Armaroli, Paola
IRAD- Screening.
IR  - Atkin W
FIR - Atkin, Wendy
IRAD- Screening.
IR  - Dean PB
FIR - Dean, Peter B
IRAD- Screening.
IR  - de Koning H
FIR - de Koning, Harry
IRAD- Screening.
IR  - Dillner L
FIR - Dillner, Lena
IRAD- Screening.
IR  - Kuipers E
FIR - Kuipers, Ernst
IRAD- Screening.
IR  - Lansdorp-Vogelaar I
FIR - Lansdorp-Vogelaar, Iris
IRAD- Screening.
IR  - Paci E
FIR - Paci, Eugenio
IRAD- Screening.
IR  - Regula J
FIR - Regula, Jaroslaw
IRAD- Screening.
IR  - Suonio E
FIR - Suonio, Eero
IRAD- Screening.
IR  - Tornberg S
FIR - Tornberg, Sven
IRAD- Screening.
IR  - Wood LF
FIR - Wood, Lynn Faulds
IRAD- Communication.
IR  - Gaudin N
FIR - Gaudin, Nicolas
IRAD- Communication.
IR  - Grosse Frie K
FIR - Grosse Frie, Kirstin
IRAD- Communication.
IR  - Terrasse V
FIR - Terrasse, Veronique
IRAD- Communication.
IR  - Winstanley K
FIR - Winstanley, Kelly
IRAD- Communication.
IR  - Bellisario C
FIR - Bellisario, Cristina
IRAD- Literature.
IR  - Biagioli E
FIR - Biagioli, Elena
IRAD- Literature.
IR  - Cinquini M
FIR - Cinquini, Michela
IRAD- Literature.
IR  - Gianola S
FIR - Gianola, Silvia
IRAD- Literature.
IR  - Gonzalez Lorenzo M
FIR - Gonzalez Lorenzo, Marien
IRAD- Literature.
IR  - von Karsa L
FIR - von Karsa, Lawrence
IRAD- Secretariat.
IR  - Lignini T
FIR - Lignini, Tracy
IRAD- Secretariat.
EDAT- 2015/07/15 06:00
MHDA- 2016/07/07 06:00
CRDT- 2015/07/13 06:00
PHST- 2015/04/09 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2015/05/08 00:00 [revised]
PHST- 2015/05/11 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2015/07/13 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2015/07/15 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2016/07/07 06:00 [medline]
AID - S1877-7821(15)00127-7 [pii]
AID - 10.1016/j.canep.2015.05.009 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Cancer Epidemiol. 2015 Dec;39 Suppl 1:S1-10. doi: 10.1016/j.canep.2015.05.009.
      Epub 2015 Jul 9.