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J Mol Diagn. 2015 Sep;17(5):496-504. doi: 10.1016/j.jmoldx.2015.04.007. Epub 2015 Jul 9.

Oligonucleotide PIK3CA/Chromosome 3 Dual in Situ Hybridization Automated Assay with Improved Signals, One-Hour Hybridization, and No Use of Blocking DNA.

Author information

1
Research & Development, Pathology Office, Ventana Medical Systems, Inc., Roche Group, Tucson, Arizona.
2
Companion Diagnostics, Pathology Office, Ventana Medical Systems, Inc., Roche Group, Tucson, Arizona.
3
Medical and Scientific Affairs, Pathology Office, Ventana Medical Systems, Inc., Roche Group, Tucson, Arizona.
4
Research & Development, Pathology Office, Ventana Medical Systems, Inc., Roche Group, Tucson, Arizona. Electronic address: lei.tang@ventana.roche.com.

Abstract

The PIK3CA gene at chromosome 3q26.32 was found to be amplified in up to 45% of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the lung. The strong correlation between PIK3CA amplification and increased phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway activities suggested that PIK3CA gene copy number is a potential predictive biomarker for PI3K inhibitors. Currently, all microscopic assessments of PIK3CA and chromosome 3 (CHR3) copy numbers use fluorescence in situ hybridization. PIK3CA probes are derived from bacterial artificial chromosomes whereas CHR3 probes are derived mainly from the plasmid pHS05. These manual fluorescence in situ hybridization assays mandate 12- to 18-hour hybridization and use of blocking DNA from human sources. Moreover, fluorescence in situ hybridization studies provide limited morphologic assessment and suffer from signal decay. We developed an oligonucleotide-based bright-field in situ hybridization assay that overcomes these shortcomings. This assay requires only a 1-hour hybridization with no need for blocking DNA followed by indirect chromogenic detection. Oligonucleotide probes produced discrete and uniform CHR3 stains superior to those from the pHS05 plasmid. This assay achieved successful staining in 100% of the 195 lung squamous cell carcinoma resections and in 94% of the 33 fine-needle aspirates. This robust automated bright-field dual in situ hybridization assay for the simultaneous detection of PIK3CA and CHR3 centromere provides a potential clinical diagnostic method to assess PIK3CA gene abnormality in lung tumors.

PMID:
26163898
DOI:
10.1016/j.jmoldx.2015.04.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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