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Tissue Eng Part A. 2015 Oct;21(19-20):2572-82. doi: 10.1089/ten.TEA.2014.0504.

Extracellular Matrix Properties Regulate the Migratory Response of Glioblastoma Stem Cells in Three-Dimensional Culture.

Author information

1
1 Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, College of Engineering, Purdue University , West Lafayette, Indiana.
2
2 Physiological Sensing Facility at the Bindley Bioscience Center and the Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University , West Lafayette, Indiana.
3
3 Weldon School of Biomedical Engineering, College of Engineering, Purdue University , West Lafayette, Indiana.
4
4 Department of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine. Purdue University , West Lafayette, Indiana.

Abstract

Diffuse infiltration across brain tissue is a hallmark of glioblastoma and the main cause of unsuccessful total resection that leads to tumor reappearance. A subpopulation termed glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs) has been directly related to aggressive invasion; nonetheless, their migratory characteristics and regulation by the microenvironment are still unknown. In this study, we developed a composite matrix of hyaluronan (HA) structurally supported by a collagen-oligomer fibril network to simulate the brain tumor extracellular matrix (ECM) composition. Matrigel-coated microfibers were embedded within the matrix to create a tunable dual niche microenvironment that resembles the vascular network of the brain. This model was compared with the most commonly used in vitro three-dimensional (3D) culture formats, Matrigel and collagen type-I monomer matrices, to study how the mechanical and compositional properties of the ECM alter the migration characteristics of GSC neurospheres. The migration mode, distance, velocity, and morphology of the GSCs were monitored over a 72-h period. The cells altered their migration mode depending on the matrix composition, showing migration by expansive growth in Matrigel matrices, multicellular extension along rigid interfaces (as Matrigel glass and coated microfibers), and mesenchymal single-cell migration in collagen matrices. Velocity and distance of migration within each composition varied according to matrix mechanical properties. In the dual niche system, the presence of HA reduced velocity and number of migratory cells; however, cells that came in contact with the pseudovessels exhibited collective migration by an extensive strand and reached higher velocities than cells migrating individually across the 3D matrix. Our results show that GSCs adopt varied migration mechanisms to invade multiple ECM microenvironments, and the migration characteristics exhibited are highly influenced by the matrix physical properties. Moreover, GSC neurospheres exhibit concomitant single and collective migration as a function of the microenvironment topography to reach the most productive migration strategy.

PMID:
26161688
PMCID:
PMC4605380
DOI:
10.1089/ten.TEA.2014.0504
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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