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Exp Parasitol. 2015 Oct;157:78-83. doi: 10.1016/j.exppara.2015.06.015. Epub 2015 Jul 6.

Laboratory maintenance of the bacterial endosymbiont, Neorickettsia sp., through the life cycle of a digenean, Plagiorchis elegans.

Author information

1
Department of Biology, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND 58202, USA. Electronic address: stephen.greiman@my.und.edu.
2
Department of Biology, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND 58202, USA.

Abstract

The Digenea (Platyhelminthes: Trematoda) are a diverse and complex group of internal metazoan parasites. These parasites can serve as hosts to obligate intracellular bacteria belonging to the genus Neorickettsia (Family: Anaplasmataceae). Neorickettsiae persist within all stages of the fluke life cycle and thus are maintained through vertical transmission. However, the low prevalence of Neorickettsia in nature limits study of their transmission biology at different steps of digenean life cycles. To resolve this dilemma, we have developed for the first time a laboratory model allowing to maintain Neorickettsia sp. through the whole life cycle of a digenean, Plagiorchis elegans. The laboratory life cycle of P. elegans consists of a snail first intermediate host, Lymnaea stagnalis, an aquatic arthropod second intermediate host, Culex pipiens (mosquito larva), and a vertebrate definitive host, Mesocricetus auratus (Syrian hamster). This paper focuses on the development of the laboratory life cycle, as well as outlines its potential uses in studying the transmission biology of Neorickettsia and its evolutionary relationship within its digenean host.

KEYWORDS:

Digenean; Life cycle; Neorickettsia; Plagiorchis elegans

PMID:
26160679
PMCID:
PMC4729577
DOI:
10.1016/j.exppara.2015.06.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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