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Pediatr Cardiol. 2015 Dec;36(8):1742-7. doi: 10.1007/s00246-015-1228-z. Epub 2015 Jul 11.

Amino-Terminal proB-Type Natriuretic Peptide Levels in the Umbilical Cord Blood of Neonates Differ According to the Type of Prenatally Diagnosed Congenital Heart Disease.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Daegu Catholic University, Daegu, Korea.
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kyungpook National University Hospital, 807 Hoguk-ro, Buk-gu, Daegu, 702-210, Korea.
3
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kyungpook National University Hospital, 807 Hoguk-ro, Buk-gu, Daegu, 702-210, Korea. wjseong@knu.ac.kr.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate differences in amino-terminal proB-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels in the cord blood of neonates according to the type of congenital heart disease (CHD) and to evaluate the usefulness of NT-proBNP as a prognostic marker. We included 76 neonates with prenatally diagnosed CHD and 45 controls without CHD. Neonates were classified into five groups based on echocardiographic findings. The levels of NT-proBNP in the cord blood were examined and analyzed according to the neonatal outcomes. The levels of NT-proBNP were significantly elevated in the cord blood of neonates with CHD compared with that in the cord blood of controls. The levels of NT-proBNP in the group with right ventricular outflow tract obstruction without a ventricular septal defect were significantly increased compared to that in the other groups. The neonates that required acute surgical correction had higher levels of NT-proBNP in the cord blood, though they were not statistically significant. Meanwhile, NT-proBNP levels in the cord blood of neonates with functional single ventricle were significantly higher than that in the cord blood of those with functional biventricles. Significant differences in the levels of NT-proBNP between survivors and nonsurvivors were observed within 1 year of birth. In this study, we found that the levels of NT-proBNP in the cord blood of neonates with CHD were higher than the levels in controls. This finding was striking in the group with right ventricular outflow tract obstruction, and it was associated with surgery for functional single ventricle and 1-year survival.

KEYWORDS:

Amino-terminal proB-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP); Congenital heart disease (CHD); Prognosis; Umbilical cord blood

PMID:
26160016
DOI:
10.1007/s00246-015-1228-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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