Format

Send to

Choose Destination
PeerJ. 2015 Jul 2;3:e1059. doi: 10.7717/peerj.1059. eCollection 2015.

Factor structure of the happiness-increasing strategies scales (H-ISS): activities and coping strategies in relation to positive and negative affect.

Author information

1
Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, University of Gothenburg , Gothenburg , Sweden.
2
Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, University of Gothenburg , Gothenburg , Sweden ; Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Center for Ethics, Law and Mental Health (CELAM), University of Gothenburg , Gothenburg , Sweden.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Previous research (Tkach & Lyubomirsky, 2006) shows that there are eight general happiness-increasing strategies: social affiliation, partying, mental control, goal pursuit, passive leisure, active leisure, religion, and direct attempts. The present study investigates the factor structure of the happiness-increasing strategies scales (H-ISS) and their relationship to positive and negative affect.

METHOD:

The present study used participants' (N = 1,050 and age mean = 34.21 sd = 12.73) responses to the H-ISS in structural equation modeling analyses. Affect was measured using the Positive Affect Negative Affect Schedule.

RESULTS:

After small modifications we obtained a good model that contains the original eight factors/scales. Moreover, we found that women tend to use social affiliation, mental control, passive leisure, religion, and direct attempts more than men, while men preferred to engage in partying and clubbing more than women. The H-ISS explained significantly the variance of positive affect (R (2) = .41) and the variance of negative affect (R (2) = .27).

CONCLUSIONS:

Our study is an addition to previous research showing that the factor structure of the happiness-increasing strategies is valid and reliable. However, due to the model fitting issues that arise in the present study, we give some suggestions for improving the instrument.

KEYWORDS:

Happiness; Happiness-increasing strategies; Negative affect; Positive affect; Well-being

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for PeerJ, Inc. Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center