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Sci Eng Ethics. 2016 Aug;22(4):1217-1244. doi: 10.1007/s11948-015-9678-5. Epub 2015 Jul 9.

A Comparison of the Effects of Ethics Training on International and US Students.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Center for Applied Social Research, University of Oklahoma, 5 Partners Place, 201 Stephenson Pkwy, Suite 4100, Norman, OK, 73072, USA. lmsteele@ou.edu.
2
Strategic Research and Assessment Branch, United States Air Force, Norman, OK, USA.
3
Department of Psychology, Center for Applied Social Research, University of Oklahoma, 5 Partners Place, 201 Stephenson Pkwy, Suite 4100, Norman, OK, 73072, USA.
4
Department of Management, College of Business Administration, Central Michigan University, 200 Smith Hall, Mount Pleasant, MI, 48859, USA.
5
Graduate College, University of Oklahoma, Robertson Hall, 731 Elm Ave., Norman, OK, 73019, USA.

Abstract

As scientific and engineering efforts become increasingly global in nature, the need to understand differences in perceptions of research ethics issues across countries and cultures is imperative. However, investigations into the connection between nationality and ethical decision-making in the sciences have largely generated mixed results. In Study 1 of this paper, a measure of biases and compensatory strategies that could influence ethical decisions was administered. Results from this study indicated that graduate students from the United States and international graduate students studying in the US are prone to different biases. Based on these findings, recommendations are made for developing ethics education interventions to target these decision-making biases. In Study 2, we employed an ethics training intervention based on ethical sensemaking and used a well-established measure of ethical decision-making that more fully captures the content of ethical judgment. Similar to Study 1, the results obtained in this study suggest differences do exist between graduate students from the US and international graduate students in ethical decision-making prior to taking the research ethics training. However, similar effects were observed for both groups following the completion of the ethics training intervention.

KEYWORDS:

Ethical decision-making; Ethics training; Moral judgment; Nationality; RCR

PMID:
26156891
DOI:
10.1007/s11948-015-9678-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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