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Psychol Health Med. 2016;21(3):295-308. doi: 10.1080/13548506.2015.1062900. Epub 2015 Jul 8.

Time perspective, socioeconomic status, and psychological distress in chronic pain patients.

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a Aix-Marseille Université , LPS EA 849, 13621 , Aix-en-Provence , France.
b Service d'Oncologie Médicale , APHM, Timone , 13385 , Marseille , France.
e Laboratoire de Psychologie Sociale, Maison de la Recherche , Université d'Aix-Marseille , 29 Avenue Robert Schuman, F-13100 , Aix-en-Provence , France.
c Service de Neurochirurgie Fonctionnelle , Centre douleur chronique, APHM, Timone , 13385 , Marseille , France.
d Service d'évaluation médicale , APHM, Conception , 13005 , Marseille , France.


Time perspective (TP) is a fundamental dimension of the psychological construction of time. It refers to a subjective experience and can be defined as the relationship that individuals and groups have with the present, past, and future. Studies have shown that it is interesting to take into account TP in the field of health, especially for the study of the psychological distress (PD) of individuals faced with aversive situations. We conducted a research, which aimed to explore the relationship between TP and PD in patients with chronic pain. A total of 264 first-time patients (72.3% women; mean age = 49 years) at CHU Timone (Marseille) pain center answered a questionnaire included TP, socioeconomic status, pain beliefs (PB), pain characteristics, and sociodemographic characteristics. Using hierarchical regression analyses adjusted to the characteristics of pain, sociodemographic characteristics, and PB, we can observe significant relationships between different components of TP, socioeconomic status, and PD. These results emphasize the importance of TP as psychosocial variable in the analysis of PD in patients with chronic pain. These results also lead us to point out the role of the socioeconomic status that predicts levels of PD.


chronic pain; psychological distress; socioeconomic deprivation; time perspective

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