Send to

Choose Destination
Mol Pharm. 2015 Aug 3;12(8):2947-61. doi: 10.1021/acs.molpharmaceut.5b00222. Epub 2015 Jul 21.

Enhancing Glioblastoma-Specific Penetration by Functionalization of Nanoparticles with an Iron-Mimic Peptide Targeting Transferrin/Transferrin Receptor Complex.

Author information

†Key Laboratory of Smart Drug Delivery, Ministry of Education, School of Pharmacy, Fudan University, Lane 826, Zhangheng Road, Shanghai 201203, P. R. China.
§Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 280 South Chongqing Road, Shanghai, 200025, P. R. China.


Treatment of glioblastoma (GBM) remains to be the most formidable challenge because of the hindrance of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) along with the poor drug penetration into the glioma parenchyma. Nanoparticulate drug delivery systems (DDS) utilizing transferrin (Tf) as the targeting ligand to target the glioma-associated transferrin receptor (TfR) had met the problem of loss of specificity in biological environment due to the high level of endogenous Tf. Here we conjugated CRT peptide, an iron-mimicry moiety targeting the whole complex of Tf/TfR, to poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(l-lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles (CRT-NP), to open a new route to overcome such obstacle. High cellular associations, advanced transport ability through the BBB model, and penetration in 3-dimensional C6 glioma spheroids in vitro had preliminarily proved the advantages of CRT-NP over Tf-nanoparticle conjugates (Tf-NP). Compared with Tf-NP, NP, and Taxol, paclitaxel-loaded CRT-NP (CRT-NP-PTX) displayed a superior antiproliferation effect on C6 glioma cells and stronger inhibitory effect on glioma spheroids. Favored pharmacokinetics behavior and enhanced accumulation in glioma foci was observed, together with a much deeper distribution pattern in glioma parenchyma compared with unmodified nanoparticles and Tf-NP. Eventually, mice treated with CRT-NP-PTX showed a remarkably prolonged median survival compared to those treated with Taxol, NP, or Tf-NP. In conclusion, the modification of CRT to nanoparticles holds great promise for enhancement of antiglioma therapy.


CRT peptide; blood−brain barrier; glioblastoma therapy; nanoparticles; penetration

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for American Chemical Society
Loading ...
Support Center