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Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg. 2016 Feb;11(2):307-16. doi: 10.1007/s11548-015-1250-x. Epub 2015 Jul 7.

Patient-specific instrument can achieve same accuracy with less resection time than navigation assistance in periacetabular pelvic tumor surgery: a cadaveric study.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong. skcwong3@gmail.com.
2
Technology Applications in Biomed Unit, Industrial Centre, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong. louis.sze@polyu.edu.hk.
3
Division of Health Economics, Policy and Management, School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China. iolwong@hku.hk.
4
Head of Rapid Prototyping and Tooling Unit, Industrial Centre, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong. icmwong@polyu.edu.hk.
5
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong. kumta@cuhk.edu.hk.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Inaccurate resection in pelvic tumors can result in compromised margins with increase local recurrence. Navigation-assisted and patient-specific instrument (PSI) techniques have recently been reported in assisting pelvic tumor surgery with the tendency of improving surgical accuracy. We examined and compared the accuracy of transferring a virtual pelvic resection plan to actual surgery using navigation-assisted or PSI technique in a cadaver study.

METHODS:

We performed CT scan in twelve cadaveric bodies including whole pelvic bones. Either supraacetabular or partial acetabular resection was virtually planned in a hemipelvis using engineering software. The virtual resection plan was transferred to a CT-based navigation system or was used for design and fabrication of PSI. Pelvic resections were performed using navigation assistance in six cadavers and PSI in another six. Post-resection images were co-registered with preoperative planning for comparative analysis of resection accuracy in the two techniques.

RESULTS:

The mean average deviation error from the planned resection was no different ([Formula: see text]) for the navigation and the PSI groups: 1.9 versus 1.4 mm, respectively. The mean time required for the bone resection was greater ([Formula: see text]) for the navigation group than for the PSI group: 16.2 versus 1.1 min, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

In simulated periacetabular pelvic tumor resections, PSI technique enabled surgeons to reproduce the virtual surgical plan with similar accuracy but with less bone resection time when compared with navigation assistance. Further studies are required to investigate the clinical benefits of PSI technique in pelvic tumor surgery.

KEYWORDS:

Navigation assistance; Patient-specific instruments; Periacetabular pelvic tumors; Surgical accuracy

PMID:
26148694
DOI:
10.1007/s11548-015-1250-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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