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J Cell Sci. 2015 Aug 15;128(16):2975-82. doi: 10.1242/jcs.169821. Epub 2015 Jul 6.

Dissecting the roles of human BUB1 in the spindle assembly checkpoint.

Author information

  • 1Molecular Cancer Research, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht 3584 CG, The Netherlands.
  • 2Molecular Cancer Research, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht 3584 CG, The Netherlands Theoretical Biology and Bioinformatics, Department of Biology, Science Faculty, Utrecht University, Utrecht 3584 CH, The Netherlands.
  • 3Molecular Cancer Research, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht 3584 CG, The Netherlands Cancer Genomics Netherlands, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht 3584 CG, The Netherlands g.j.p.l.kops@umcutrecht.nl.

Abstract

Mitotic chromosome segregation is initiated by the anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) and its co-activator CDC20 (forming APC/C(CDC20)). APC/C(CDC20) is inhibited by the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) when chromosomes have not attached to spindle microtubules. Unattached kinetochores catalyze the formation of a diffusible APC/C(CDC20) inhibitor that comprises BUBR1 (also known as BUB1B), BUB3, MAD2 (also known as MAD2L1) and a second molecule of CDC20. Recruitment of these proteins to the kinetochore, as well as SAC activation, rely on the mitotic kinase BUB1, but the molecular mechanism by which BUB1 accomplishes this in human cells is unknown. We show that kinetochore recruitment of BUBR1 and BUB3 by BUB1 is dispensable for SAC activation. Unlike its yeast and nematode orthologs, human BUB1 does not associate stably with the MAD2 activator MAD1 (also known as MAD1L1) and, although required for accelerating the loading of MAD1 onto kinetochores, BUB1 is dispensable for the maintenance of steady-state levels of MAD1 there. Instead, we identify a 50-amino-acid segment that harbors the recently reported ABBA motif close to a KEN box as being crucial for the role of BUB1 in SAC signaling. The presence of this segment correlates with SAC activity and efficient binding of CDC20 but not of MAD1 to kinetochores.

KEYWORDS:

BUB1; Kinetochores; Mitosis; Spindle assembly checkpoint

PMID:
26148513
DOI:
10.1242/jcs.169821
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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