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J Parasitol. 1989 Dec;75(6):853-62.

Characterization of excretory-secretory proteins synthesized in vitro by Schistosoma mansoni primary sporocysts.

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Department of Zoology, University of Oklahoma, Norman 73019.


Excretory-secretory (E-S) products released by larval schistosomes have been implicated in the interference of host snail defense systems. Because of the potentially important role that E-S products play in the parasite-host relationship, total and newly synthesized E-S proteins from in vitro-cultured Schistosoma mansoni primary sporocysts were characterized using incorporation of [35S]methionine followed by sodium dodecylsulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and fluorography. Total E-S protein decreased more than 5-fold from day 1 to day 3 of culture and remained constant until day 8 when protein concentrations began to increase. Release of newly synthesized protein, however, increased from day 1 through day 8. Both silver staining and fluorography of SDS-PAGE-separated E-S products revealed a wide variety of polypeptides ranging in Mr from 13 to greater than 200 kDa. The dynamics of the release of individual polypeptides, both total and newly synthesized, varied over time. Although certain polypeptides decreased in concentration, others remained constant or increased with time in culture. Culture conditions were found to be important for sporocyst viability and growth, and for release of newly synthesized proteins. Sporocysts cultured in medium containing fetal bovine serum (complete) grew significantly larger and had a significantly greater viability than did sporocysts cultured in medium lacking serum (incomplete). Also, sporocysts cultured in complete medium synthesized and released significantly more protein than did sporocysts cultured in incomplete medium. These sporocysts continued to produce a 54-kDa polypeptide, whereas sporocysts in incomplete medium stopped producing this protein by day 3 of culture. The present study has shown that S. mansoni primary sporocysts, cultured in vitro, synthesize and secrete a wide variety of glycoproteins and that the type and quantity of glycoproteins released are dependent on culture conditions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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