Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2015 Sep-Oct;61(2):154-60. doi: 10.1016/j.archger.2015.06.010. Epub 2015 Jun 25.

Individualized feedback-based virtual reality exercise improves older women's self-perceived health: a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Science, Korea University, Seoul, South Korea.
2
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia.
3
Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Science, Korea University, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address: yoonbc@korea.ac.kr.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Individualized feedback-based virtual reality (IFVR) exercise is gaining attention as a cost-effective self-management strategy, however little is known about whether older adults themselves perceive IFVR exercise effective in improving their health. Therefore, we studied the effect of IFVR exercise on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in older women.

METHODS:

Fifty-four older women aged ≥65 years were randomized to either IFVR exercise group (IFVRG, n=26) or group-based exercise group (GG, n=28). Both groups received a 60-min intervention three times a week for eight weeks. The Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) was administered. To identify the possible placebo effect, 30-Second Chair Stand Test (30SCST), 8-Foot Up-and-Go Test (8FUGT), and 2-Minute Step Test (2MST) were also administered.

RESULTS:

intention-to-treat analysis with adjustment for baseline levels revealed that IFVRG showed greater improvement in mental health (p=0.029) and lower body strength (p=0.042), compared to GG. Within-group analysis for HRQoL revealed that IFVRG showed an increase in role-physical (p=0.015), bodily pain (p=0.017), general health (p=0.004), vitality (p=0.010), role-emotional (p=0.007), and mental health (p<0.001), whereas GG showed an increase in role-physical (p=0.022), general health (p=0.023), and social functioning (p = 0.023). Both groups showed an increase in 30SCST, 2MST and 8FUGT (all p<0.001).

CONCLUSION:

IFVR exercise improved HRQoL in older women, in addition to improving physical fitness. Therefore, it might be recommended to older women as an effective self-management strategy.

KEYWORDS:

Mental health; Older adult; Physical fitness; Quality of life; Virtual reality

PMID:
26145489
DOI:
10.1016/j.archger.2015.06.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center