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Dev Cell. 2015 Jul 27;34(2):192-205. doi: 10.1016/j.devcel.2015.05.003. Epub 2015 Jul 2.

Somatic cell encystment promotes abscission in germline stem cells following a regulated block in cytokinesis.

Author information

1
Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6058, USA.
2
Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6058, USA; Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6058, USA. Electronic address: sdinardo@mail.med.upenn.edu.

Abstract

In many tissues, the stem cell niche must coordinate behavior across multiple stem cell lineages. How this is achieved is largely unknown. We have identified delayed completion of cytokinesis in germline stem cells (GSCs) as a mechanism that regulates the production of stem cell daughters in the Drosophila testis. Through live imaging, we show that a secondary F-actin ring is formed through regulation of Cofilin activity to block cytokinesis progress after contractile ring disassembly. The duration of this block is controlled by Aurora B kinase. Additionally, we have identified a requirement for somatic cell encystment of the germline in promoting GSC abscission. We suggest that this non-autonomous role promotes coordination between stem cell lineages. These findings reveal the mechanisms by which cytokinesis is inhibited and reinitiated in GSCs and why such complex regulation exists within the stem cell niche.

PMID:
26143993
PMCID:
PMC4519359
DOI:
10.1016/j.devcel.2015.05.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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