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Aging (Albany NY). 2015 Jun;7(6):435-49.

Premature aging of the hippocampal neurogenic niche in adult Bmal1-deficient mice.

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Institute for Anatomy II, Medical Faculty, Heinrich Heine University, D-40225, Düsseldorf, Germany.
Department of Neurology, Medical Faculty, Heinrich Heine University, D-40225 Düsseldorf, Germany.


Hippocampal neurogenesis undergoes dramatic age-related changes. Mice with targeted deletion of the clock geneBmal1 (Bmal1(-/-)) show disrupted regulation of reactive oxygen species homeostasis, accelerated aging, neurodegeneration and cognitive deficits. As proliferation of neuronal progenitor/precursor cells (NPCs) is enhanced in young Bmal1(-/-) mice, we tested the hypothesis that this results in premature aging of hippocampal neurogenic niche in adult Bmal1(-/-) mice as compared to wildtype littermates. We found significantly reduced pool of hippocampal NPCs, scattered distribution, enhanced survival of NPCs and an increased differentiation of NPCs into the astroglial lineage at the expense of the neuronal lineage. Immunoreaction of the redox sensitive histone deacetylase Sirtuine 1, peroxisomal membrane protein at 70 kDa and expression of the cell cycle inhibitor p21(Waf1/CIP1) were increased in adult Bmal1(-/-) mice. In conclusion, genetic disruption of the molecular clockwork leads to accelerated age-dependent decline in adult neurogenesis presumably as a consequence of oxidative stress.


PMP70; Sirt1; adult neurogenesis; bromodeoxyuridine; circadian disruption; clock genes; dentate gyrus; oxidative stress

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