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Ann Pharmacother. 2015 Sep;49(9):1015-30. doi: 10.1177/1060028015592015. Epub 2015 Jul 2.

Treatment Considerations for Unique Patient Populations With HCV Genotype 1 Infection.

Author information

1
Temple University School of Pharmacy, Philadelphia, PA, USA toussaka@temple.edu.
2
Temple University School of Pharmacy, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To review the literature for the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 in certain populations of patients that require further considerations before therapy initiation.

DATA SOURCES:

A systematic electronic literature search using the MEDLINE database was performed using the search terms hepatitis C, chronic hepatitis C, drug therapy, end stage liver disease, liver transplantation, HIV, hepatitis B, African Americans, renal insufficiency, obesity, pregnancy, and pediatrics.

STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION:

English language studies from January 1985 to March 2015 were considered. Additional references were identified from ongoing trials obtained from clinicaltrials.gov, conference proceedings, online databases, and citations in relevant review articles.

DATA SELECTION:

Direct-acting antivirals are first-line recommendations for the treatment of HCV genotype 1 infection, and these include combinations of sofosbuvir, simeprevir, ledipasvir/sofosbuvir, ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir plus dasabuvir, and ribarvirin. Historical and clinical data focusing on the treatment of HCV with these agents in the following populations were selected: decompensated cirrhosis, post-liver transplant, HIV, African Americans, obesity, hepatitis B coinfection, renal impairment, pregnancy, and pediatrics.

CONCLUSION:

Depending on the population studied, clinicians must consider differences in efficacy outcomes, potential drug interactions, and adverse effects that patients may experience.

KEYWORDS:

HIV/AIDS; drug interactions; hepatitis C; infectious diseases; transplants

PMID:
26139639
DOI:
10.1177/1060028015592015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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