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J Biochem. 1989 Nov;106(5):904-9.

C6 glioma cells produce basic fibroblast growth factor that can stimulate their own proliferation.

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Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University.


With purified preparations of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), we studied the effect of its growth-promoting activity on C6 glioma cells. We also examined with its antibody whether the cultured glioma cells could produce it. It was shown that bFGF stimulated the DNA synthesis and proliferation of C6 glioma cells in serum-free medium, and that the activity was potentiated by heparin, the bFGF concentrations for half-maximal stimulation being 0.2 and 5 ng/ml in the presence and absence of heparin, respectively. This effect of heparin was dose-dependent and was half-maximal at 0.5 microgram/ml. Next, we raised the antiserum against bFGF and detected a single immunoreactive band from extracts of C6 glioma cells by immunoblot analysis. The immunoreactive substance was partially purified on a heparin-Sepharose column and was shown to stimulate the DNA synthesis of C6 glioma cells. On the basis of its immunoreactivity, molecular weight, affinity for heparin, and growth-promoting activity, this substance was identified as bFGF. The content of bFGF in the cells was elevated as the cell density increased, but no immunoreactivity was detected in the conditioned medium of the cells. These results suggest that C6 glioma cells produce and store bFGF which is potent in stimulating their own growth.

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