Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Eur J Public Health. 2015 Dec;25(6):923-9. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckv126. Epub 2015 Jun 30.

Health inequality between immigrants and natives in Spain: the loss of the healthy immigrant effect in times of economic crisis.

Author information

1
1 CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública, Spain 2 Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Health Information Systems Unit, Barcelona, Spain 3 Biomedical Research Institute Sant Pau (IIB-Sant Pau), Barcelona, Spain.
2
1 CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública, Spain 2 Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Health Information Systems Unit, Barcelona, Spain 3 Biomedical Research Institute Sant Pau (IIB-Sant Pau), Barcelona, Spain dmalmusi@aspb.cat.
3
1 CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública, Spain.
4
1 CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública, Spain 4 Department of Community Nursing, Preventive Medicine and Public Health and History of Science, University of Alicante, Alicante, Spain.
5
5 Health Policy and Health Services Research Group, Health Policy Research Unit, Consorci de Salut i Social de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain.
6
1 CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública, Spain 6 Centre d'Estudis Epidemiologics sobre les Infeccions de Transmissió Sexual i Sida de Catalunya (CEEISCAT), Badalona, Spain 7 Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Spain.
7
1 CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública, Spain 2 Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Health Information Systems Unit, Barcelona, Spain 3 Biomedical Research Institute Sant Pau (IIB-Sant Pau), Barcelona, Spain 8 Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The immigrant population living in Spain grew exponentially in the early 2000s but has been particularly affected by the economic crisis. This study aims to analyse health inequalities between immigrants born in middle- or low-income countries and natives in Spain, in 2006 and 2012, taking into account gender, year of arrival and socioeconomic exposures.

METHODS:

Study of trends using two cross-sections, the 2006 and 2012 editions of the Spanish National Health Survey, including residents in Spain aged 15-64 years (20 810 natives and 2950 immigrants in 2006, 14 291 natives and 2448 immigrants in 2012). Fair/poor self-rated health, poor mental health (GHQ-12 > 2), chronic activity limitation and use of psychotropic drugs were compared between natives and immigrants who arrived in Spain before 2006, adjusting robust Poisson regression models for age and socioeconomic variables to obtain prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% confidence interval (CI).

RESULTS:

Inequalities in poor self-rated health between immigrants and natives tend to increase among women (age-adjusted PR2006 = 1.39; 95% CI: 1.24-1.56, PR2012 = 1.56; 95% CI: 1.33-1.82). Among men, there is a new onset of inequalities in poor mental health (PR2006 = 1.10; 95% CI: 0.86-1.40, PR2012 = 1.34; 95% CI: 1.06-1.69) and an equalization of the previously lower use of psychotropic drugs (PR2006 = 0.22; 95% CI: 0.11-0.43, PR2012 = 1.20; 95% CI: 0.73-2.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

Between 2006 and 2012, immigrants who arrived in Spain before 2006 appeared to worsen their health status when compared with natives. The loss of the healthy immigrant effect in the context of a worse impact of the economic crisis on immigrants appears as potential explanation. Employment, social protection and re-universalization of healthcare would prevent further deterioration of immigrants' health status.

PMID:
26136466
DOI:
10.1093/eurpub/ckv126
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center