Send to

Choose Destination
J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle. 2015 Jun;6(2):115-24. doi: 10.1002/jcsm.12042. Epub 2015 May 11.

A framework for prescription in exercise-oncology research.

Author information

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Centre, New York, NY, USA.
Centre for Heart, Lung and Vascular Health, School of Health and Exercise Sciences, University of British Columbia Okanagan, Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada.
The Centre of Inflammation and Metabolism and the Centre for Physical Activity Research (CIM/CFAS), Department of Infectious Diseases, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Sackler Institute of Graduate Biomedical Sciences, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.
Universities Space Research Association, NASA Johnson Space Centre, Houston, Texas, USA.


The field of exercise-oncology has increased dramatically over the past two decades, with close to 100 published studies investigating the efficacy of structured exercise training interventions in patients with cancer. Of interest, despite considerable differences in study population and primary study end point, the vast majority of studies have tested the efficacy of an exercise prescription that adhered to traditional guidelines consisting of either supervised or home-based endurance (aerobic) training or endurance training combined with resistance training, prescribed at a moderate intensity (50-75% of a predetermined physiological parameter, typically age-predicted heart rate maximum or reserve), for two to three sessions per week, for 10 to 60 min per exercise session, for 12 to 15 weeks. The use of generic exercise prescriptions may, however, be masking the full therapeutic potential of exercise treatment in the oncology setting. Against this background, this opinion paper provides an overview of the fundamental tenets of human exercise physiology known as the principles of training, with specific application of these principles in the design and conduct of clinical trials in exercise-oncology research. We contend that the application of these guidelines will ensure continued progress in the field while optimizing the safety and efficacy of exercise treatment following a cancer diagnosis.

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center