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Int J Pept Protein Res. 1989 Nov;34(5):374-80.

Complete primary structure of statherin, a potent inhibitor of calcium phosphate precipitation, from the saliva of the monkey, Macaca arctoides.

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Department of Medicine, New York University Medical Center, NY.


Human saliva, which is supersaturated with respect to basic calcium phosphate salts, is stabilized primarily by the presence of two classes of phosphoproteins, statherin and the acidic proline-rich proteins (PRP). These molecules act by inhibiting both primary (spontaneous) precipitation of calcium phosphates in saliva and secondary (surface induced) precipitation of these salts onto dental enamel. The complete amino-acid sequences of several human PRP and the N-terminal sequence of PRP from saliva of M. arctoides have been determined. Similarly, the complete sequence of statherin from human and M. fascicularis saliva is known. We now report the complete structure of statherin from the saliva of the stump-tailed monkey, M. arctoides. The structure was determined by gas-phase sequencing of intact statherin, elucidating positions 1-26, and sequencing an unpurified mixture of tryptic peptides which elucidated the remaining positions through the C-terminus (residue 42) of the molecule. This latter degradation produced an eight amino-acid overlap with that of intact statherin and was confirmed by C-terminal analysis and amino-acid composition of native statherin. The complete amino-acid sequence of M. arctoides statherin is: NH2-Asp-PSer-PSer-Glu-Glu5-Lys-Phe-Leu-Arg-Arg10 -Leu-Arg-Arg-Phe-Asp15-Glu- Gly-Arg-Tyr-Gly20-Pro-Tyr-Gln-Pro-Phe25-Val-Pro-Pro- Pro29Leu30-Tyr- Pro-Gln-Pro-Tyr35-Gln-Pro-Tyr-Gln-Pro40-Gln-Tyr-COOH This sequence differs from human statherin at positions 11, 12, 15, 16, 18, 25-27, 38-40 and from M. fascicularis statherin at positions 26 and 28.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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