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N Engl J Med. 2015 Jul 2;373(1):11-22. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1411892.

A Randomized, Controlled Trial of 3.0 mg of Liraglutide in Weight Management.

Collaborators (191)

Hamann A, Barakat A, Blüher M, Linn T, Mölle A, Segner A, Stübler P, Tosch-Sisting R, Pacini F, Santini F, Marchesini G, Rotella CM, Invitti C, Vettor R, Buscemi S, Raya PM, Freijoo FC, de Barbará RG, Carraro R, Bobillo ER, de la Cuesta C, Farsang C, Csaszar A, Zahorska-Markiewicz B, Pupek-Musialik D, Franek E, Ostrowska L, Olszanecka-Glinianowicz M, Lalic N, Micic D, Ludvik B, Paulweber B, Prager R, Scheen A, Van Gaal L, Astrup AV, Hermansen K, Madsbad S, Rissanen A, Nieminen S, Savolainen M, Krempf M, Romon M, Laville M, Marre M, Mira R, Finucane F, Veenendaal A, van Berkum F, Johannsson-Vidarsdóttir S, Van de Walle V, Meesters E, Hjelmesæth J, Klemsdal TO, Kulseng B, Bach-Kliegel B, Laederach K, Villiger L, Golay A, Bilz S, Sathyapalan T, Bain S, Kumar S, Le Roux CW, Lean ME, McGowan B, Rehman T, Wilding J, Wittert G, Caterson I, Proietto J, Prins J, Geloneze Neto B, Gross JL, Chacra AR, Halpern A, Suplicy Hde A, Chow FC, Thacker HP, Chadha M, Chandalia H, Unnikrishnan A, Kalra S, Deshpande N, Shunmugavelu M, Deshmukh VC, Maislos M, Lieberman GS, Shimon I, Stern N, Nabriski D, Karnieli E, Shehadeh N, Gonzalez-Galvez G, Arechavaleta-Granell Mdel R, Violante Ortiz RM, Franco GM, Gurieva I, Suplotova LA, Troshina E, Ruyatkina LA, Voychik EA, Martsevich S, Startseva MA, Seeber ME, Badat A, Ellis G, Altuntas Y, Guler S, Ulgen E, Delibasi T, Chetty T, Hart R, Janzen J, Labonte I, Lau D, Liutkus J, O'Keefe D, Padwal R, Ransom TP, Tytus R, Weisnagel SJ, Adler J, Aqua K, Aronoff SL, Bedel GW, Blevins TC, Blumenau J, Brockmyre AP, Call RS, Canadas R, Chaykin LB, Cohen K, Conrow JK, Davis MG, Downey HJ, Drosman SR, Duckor S, Farmer H, Farrell J, Fehnel S, Finneran MP, Forbes R, Forker A, Fredrick M, Fujioka K, Geller SA, Gill S, Glaser L, Greco SN, Greenway FL, Harper W, Herman L, Hoekstra J, Ingebretsen R, Ison R, Jain RK, Kaplan R, Kaster SR, Haase GA, Kerzner B, Kirstein JL, Koltun W, Krieger DR, Lewis CE, Madder R, Marple RN, McDermott EJ, Mello CJ, Miller AB, Mullen J, Nardandrea J, O'Neil P, Pi-Sunyer F, Pucillo RM, Rhee C, Redrick S, Pardini A, Rothman J, Rubino DM, Sellers G, Smith T, Byars WD, Soufer J, Sussman AM, Patrick K, Schramm EL, Van Cleeff M, Berg SR, Wyatt HR, Simon JA.

Author information

From the Division of Endocrinology and Obesity Research Center, Columbia University, New York (X.P.-S.); Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg (A.A.), and Novo Nordisk, Søborg (C.B.J.) - both in Denmark; Department of Nutrition and Metabolic Research, Division of Endocrinology, Scripps Clinic, La Jolla, CA (K.F.); Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge (F.G.); Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome Unit, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Hospital das Clínicas, University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo (A.H.); Clinique d'Endocrinologie et Nutrition, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Nantes, France (M.K.); Departments of Medicine and Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada (D.C.W.L.); Diabetes Complications Research Centre, Conway Institute, University College Dublin, Dublin (C.W.R.); Departamento Endocrinología, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Cuidad Madero, Mexico (R.V.O.); and Department of Obesity and Endocrinology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom (J.P.H.W.).



Obesity is a chronic disease with serious health consequences, but weight loss is difficult to maintain through lifestyle intervention alone. Liraglutide, a glucagon-like peptide-1 analogue, has been shown to have potential benefit for weight management at a once-daily dose of 3.0 mg, injected subcutaneously.


We conducted a 56-week, double-blind trial involving 3731 patients who did not have type 2 diabetes and who had a body-mass index (BMI; the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters) of at least 30 or a BMI of at least 27 if they had treated or untreated dyslipidemia or hypertension. We randomly assigned patients in a 2:1 ratio to receive once-daily subcutaneous injections of liraglutide at a dose of 3.0 mg (2487 patients) or placebo (1244 patients); both groups received counseling on lifestyle modification. The coprimary end points were the change in body weight and the proportions of patients losing at least 5% and more than 10% of their initial body weight.


At baseline, the mean (±SD) age of the patients was 45.1±12.0 years, the mean weight was 106.2±21.4 kg, and the mean BMI was 38.3±6.4; a total of 78.5% of the patients were women and 61.2% had prediabetes. At week 56, patients in the liraglutide group had lost a mean of 8.4±7.3 kg of body weight, and those in the placebo group had lost a mean of 2.8±6.5 kg (a difference of -5.6 kg; 95% confidence interval, -6.0 to -5.1; P<0.001, with last-observation-carried-forward imputation). A total of 63.2% of the patients in the liraglutide group as compared with 27.1% in the placebo group lost at least 5% of their body weight (P<0.001), and 33.1% and 10.6%, respectively, lost more than 10% of their body weight (P<0.001). The most frequently reported adverse events with liraglutide were mild or moderate nausea and diarrhea. Serious events occurred in 6.2% of the patients in the liraglutide group and in 5.0% of the patients in the placebo group.


In this study, 3.0 mg of liraglutide, as an adjunct to diet and exercise, was associated with reduced body weight and improved metabolic control. (Funded by Novo Nordisk; SCALE Obesity and Prediabetes NN8022-1839 number, NCT01272219.).

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