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PLoS One. 2015 Jul 1;10(7):e0129675. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0129675. eCollection 2015.

Social and Environmental Impacts of Forest Management Certification in Indonesia.

Author information

1
The Nature Conservancy, Fort Collins, CO, United States of America.
2
World Wildlife Fund-United States, Washington, DC, United States of America.
3
Duke University, Durham, NC, United States of America.

Abstract

In response to unsustainable timber production in tropical forest concessions, voluntary forest management certification programs such as the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) have been introduced to improve environmental, social, and economic performance over existing management practices. However, despite the proliferation of forest certification over the past two decades, few studies have evaluated its effectiveness. Using temporally and spatially explicit village-level data on environmental and socio-economic indicators in Kalimantan (Indonesia), we evaluate the performance of the FSC-certified timber concessions compared to non-certified logging concessions. Employing triple difference matching estimators, we find that between 2000 and 2008 FSC reduced aggregate deforestation by 5 percentage points and the incidence of air pollution by 31%. It had no statistically significant impacts on fire incidence or core areas, but increased forest perforation by 4 km2 on average. In addition, we find that FSC reduced firewood dependence (by 33%), respiratory infections (by 32%) and malnutrition (by 1 person) on average. By conducting a rigorous statistical evaluation of FSC certification in a biodiversity hotspot such as Indonesia, we provide a reference point and offer methodological and data lessons that could aid the design of ongoing and future evaluations of a potentially critical conservation policy.

PMID:
26132491
PMCID:
PMC4488465
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0129675
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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