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Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2015 Oct;54(11):1081-6. doi: 10.1177/0009922815593499. Epub 2015 Jun 29.

The Prevalence of Food Allergies in Children Referred to a Multidisciplinary Feeding Program.

Author information

1
Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA kauyeun1@jhmi.edu.
2
Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, MD, USA.
3
Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.
4
Ohio State University School of Medicine, Columbus, OH, USA.
5
Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the prevalence of food allergy in children presenting to a multidisciplinary feeding program.

METHODS:

A retrospective chart review was conducted from 302 patients. We recorded history of food reaction, family history of any atopic disease, radioallergosorbent testing, prematurity, birth weight, breastfeeding history, Z-scores, age, and gastrointestinal mucosal biopsy reports with eosinophilic infiltrate. Three categories of possible food allergy were stratified based on increasing evidence of allergy.

RESULTS:

Possible food allergy was found for 18% (n = 54), likely food allergy for 6% (n = 18), and very likely food allergy for 16% (n = 47) for a total of 40% classified in a food allergy group. Having been breastfed correlated with likelihood of food allergy but tube-feeding dependence did not.

CONCLUSION:

This study revealed a higher proportion of children in a feeding program with food allergy compared to the general population, but larger prospective studies are needed to confirm the association.

KEYWORDS:

atopy; childhood feeding disorder; food allergy

PMID:
26130398
DOI:
10.1177/0009922815593499
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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