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Genet Mol Res. 2015 Jun 26;14(2):6960-7. doi: 10.4238/2015.June.26.4.

PDIA3 and PDIA6 gene expression as an aggressiveness marker in primary ductal breast cancer.

Author information

1
Laboratório de Citogenética Humana e Oncogenética, Departamento de Genética, Universidade Federal do Paraná.
2
Universidade de Mama, Hospital Nossa Senhora das Graças, Curitiba, PR, Brasil.
3
Laboratório de Citogenética Humana e Oncogenética, Departamento de Genética, Universidade Federal do Paraná, eribeiro@ufpr.br.

Abstract

Changes in the expression of the protein disulfide isomerase genes PDIA3 and PDIA6 may increase endoplasmic reticulum stress, leading to cellular instability and neoplasia. We evaluated the expression of PDIA3 and PDIA6 in invasive ductal carcinomas. Using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, we compared the mRNA expression level in 45 samples of invasive ductal carcinoma with that in normal breast samples. Increased expression of the PDIA3 gene in carcinomas (P = 0.0009) was observed. In addition, PDIA3 expression was increased in tumors with lymph node metastasis (P = 0.009) and with grade III (P < 0.02). The PDIA6 gene showed higher expression levels in the presence of lymph node metastasis (U = 99.00, P = 0.0476) and lower expression for negative hormone receptors status (P = 0.0351). Our results suggest that alterations in PDIA3/6 expression levels may be involved in the breast carcinogenic process and should be further investigated as a marker of aggressiveness.

PMID:
26125904
DOI:
10.4238/2015.June.26.4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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