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Afr Health Sci. 2015 Jun;15(2):621-7. doi: 10.4314/ahs.v15i2.40.

Assessment of subjective sleep quality in iron deficiency anaemia.

Author information

1
Gülhane Military Medical Faculty, Department of Psychiatry, Ankara, Turkey.
2
Eskişehir Military Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine, Eskisehir, Turkey.
3
Kayseri Education and Research Hospital, Division of Hematology, Kayseri, Turkey.
4
Department of Psychiatry, Dicle University, Diyarbakir, Turkey.
5
Cumhuriyet University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Sivas, Turkey.
6
Cumhuriyet University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Hematology, Sivas, Turkey.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We aimed to assess the effect of anemia on subjective sleep quality in patients with iron deficiency anemia (IDA).

METHODS:

One hundred and four patients diagnosed with IDA and 80 healthy individuals, who are gender and age matched, were included in the study. All participants were requested to fill 3 forms: a socio-demographic form (age, gender, marital status, income level and educational status), hospital anxiety and depression (HAD) scale and pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI).

RESULTS:

According to the HAD scale, the average anxiety score was found 9.24±4.37 in patients and 7.58± 4.07 in controls. And, the average depression score was 7.53±4.10 in patients and 6.41±2.74 in controls. The total sleep quality score was 6.71±3.02 in patients and 4.11±1.64 in controls. There was a statistically significant difference in terms of anxiety, depression and sleep quality scores. Linear regression analysis showed no association between anxiety and depression with poor sleeping.

CONCLUSION:

IDA affects sleep quality irrespective of psychological symptoms such as depression and anxiety.

KEYWORDS:

Iron deficiency anemia; anxiety; sleep quality

PMID:
26124812
PMCID:
PMC4480468
DOI:
10.4314/ahs.v15i2.40
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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