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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Jul 14;112(28):8537-42. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1504985112. Epub 2015 Jun 29.

New Age of Fishes initiated by the Cretaceous-Paleogene mass extinction.

Author information

1
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92037 esibert@ucsd.edu.
2
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92037.

Abstract

Ray-finned fishes (Actinopterygii) comprise nearly half of all modern vertebrate diversity, and are an ecologically and numerically dominant megafauna in most aquatic environments. Crown teleost fishes diversified relatively recently, during the Late Cretaceous and early Paleogene, although the exact timing and cause of their radiation and rise to ecological dominance is poorly constrained. Here we use microfossil teeth and shark dermal scales (ichthyoliths) preserved in deep-sea sediments to study the changes in the pelagic fish community in the latest Cretaceous and early Paleogene. We find that the Cretaceous-Paleogene (K/Pg) extinction event marked a profound change in the structure of ichthyolith communities around the globe: Whereas shark denticles outnumber ray-finned fish teeth in Cretaceous deep-sea sediments around the world, there is a dramatic increase in the proportion of ray-finned fish teeth to shark denticles in the Paleocene. There is also an increase in size and numerical abundance of ray-finned fish teeth at the boundary. These changes are sustained through at least the first 24 million years of the Cenozoic. This new fish community structure began at the K/Pg mass extinction, suggesting the extinction event played an important role in initiating the modern "age of fishes."

KEYWORDS:

Cretaceous−Paleogene boundary; age of fishes; fossil fish; ichthyoliths; mass extinction

PMID:
26124114
PMCID:
PMC4507219
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.1504985112
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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