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Nutr J. 2015 Jun 28;14:64. doi: 10.1186/s12937-015-0052-x.

Tree Nut consumption is associated with better adiposity measures and cardiovascular and metabolic syndrome health risk factors in U.S. Adults: NHANES 2005-2010.

Author information

1
Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, 261 Knapp Hall, 110 LSU Union Square, Baton Rouge, LA, 70803, USA. coneil1@lsu.edu.
2
Nutrition Impact, LLC, 9725 D Drive North, Battle Creek, MI, 49014, USA. VIC3rd@aol.com.
3
Department of Pediatrics, USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, 1100 Bates Street, Houston, TX, 77030, USA. tnicklas@bcm.edu.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Previous research has shown inconsistencies in the association of tree nut consumption with risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and metabolic syndrome (MetS).

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the association of tree nut consumption with risk factors for CVD and for MetS in adults.

METHODS:

NHANES 2005-2010 data were used to examine the associations of tree nut consumption with health risks in adults 19+ years (n = 14,386; 51% males). Tree nuts were: almonds, Brazil nuts, cashews, filberts [hazelnuts], macadamias, pecans, pine nuts, pistachios, and walnuts. Group definitions were non-consumers < ¼ ounce/day and consumers of ≥ ¼ ounce/day tree nuts using data from 24-h dietary recalls. Means and ANOVA (covariate adjusted) were determined using appropriate sample weights. Using logistic regression, odds ratios of being overweight (OW)/obese (OB) (body mass index [BMI] >25/<30 and ≥30, respectively) and having CVRF or MetS, were determined.

RESULTS:

Tree nut consumption was associated with lower BMI (p = 0.004), waist circumference (WC) (p = 0.008), systolic blood pressure (BP) (p = 0.001), Homeostatic Model Assessment-Insulin Resistance (p = 0.043), and higher high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (p = 0.022), compared with no consumption, and a lower likelihood of OB (-25%), OW/OB (-23%), and elevated WC (-21%).

CONCLUSIONS:

Tree nut consumption was associated with better weight status and some CVRF and MetS components.

PMID:
26123047
PMCID:
PMC4484644
DOI:
10.1186/s12937-015-0052-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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