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Am J Ind Med. 2015 Sep;58(9):964-73. doi: 10.1002/ajim.22461. Epub 2015 Jun 29.

Length of time spent working on a commercial construction site and the associations with worker characteristics.

Author information

1
Department Environmental Health, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.
2
Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.
3
Department of Physical Therapy, Movement, and Rehabilitation Sciences, Bouvé College of Health Sciences, Bouvé College of Health Sciences, Northeastern University.
4
Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.
5
Orthopedic and Arthritis Center for Outcomes Research, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Construction workers move frequently from jobsite to jobsite, yet little is documented about length of stay on-site and associations with worker characteristics.

METHOD:

Using cross-sectional data, we investigated associations between worker characteristics (including trade and musculoskeletal pain) and length of stay on-site (dichotomized as < 1 month, n = 554, and ≥ 1 month, n = 435).

RESULTS:

Approximately, 56% of workers remained on the worksite for at least 1 month. Length of stay was significantly associated with workers' race/ethnicity, union status, title, trade, and musculoskeletal pain (P-values < 0.05). Trades associated with longer length of stay included pipefitters and plumbers. Trades associated with shorter length of stay included operators and piledrivers. Workers with single-location pain had 2.21 times (95%CI: 1.52, 3.19) the odds of being short-term versus long-term, adjusting for trade, title, and race/ethnicity.

CONCLUSION:

The length of stay and associated characteristics provide important insight into how workers come and go on construction sites and the methodological challenges associated with traditional intervention evaluations.

KEYWORDS:

construction; dynamic work environment; length of time on-site; worker characteristics

PMID:
26122700
PMCID:
PMC5473608
DOI:
10.1002/ajim.22461
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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