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Adv Mater. 2015 Aug;27(30):4411-4417. doi: 10.1002/adma.201501372. Epub 2015 Jun 29.

3D-Printed Artificial Microfish.

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Department of NanoEngineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA.


Hydrogel microfish featuring biomimetic structures, locomotive capabilities, and functionalized nanoparticles are engineered using a rapid 3D printing platform: microscale continuous -optical printing (μCOP). The 3D-printed -microfish exhibit chemically powered and magnetically guided propulsion, as well as highly efficient detoxification capabilities that highlight the technical versatility of this platform for engineering advanced functional microswimmers for diverse biomedical applications.


3D printing; detoxification; functional microswimmers; functionalized nanoparticles; hydrogels

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