Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Exp Neurol. 2015 Sep;271:291-300. doi: 10.1016/j.expneurol.2015.06.022. Epub 2015 Jun 26.

Docosahexaenoic acid inhibits mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia in diabetic rats by decreasing the excitability of DRG neurons.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Wuhan General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command, Wuhan, Hubei 430070, China; Department of Neurosurgery, Tangdu Hospital of Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710038, China.
2
Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China.
3
Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China. Electronic address: fmmur.young@gmail.com.
4
Department of Neurosurgery, Wuhan General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command, Wuhan, Hubei 430070, China. Electronic address: xu-gz@163.com.

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a common metabolic disease in human beings with characteristic symptoms of hyperglycemia, chronic inflammation and insulin resistance. One of the most common complications of early-onset diabetes mellitus is peripheral diabetic neuropathy, which is manifested either by loss of nociception or by allodynia and hyperalgesia. Dietary fatty acids, especially polyunsaturated fatty acids, have been shown the potential of anti-inflammation and modulating neuron excitability. The present study investigated the effects of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on the excitability of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes rats. The effects of DHA on the allodynia and hyperalgesia of diabetic rats were also evaluated. Dietary DHA supplementation effectively attenuated both allodynia and hyperalgesia induced by STZ injection. DHA supplementation decreased the excitability of DRG neurons by decreasing the sodium currents and increasing potassium currents, which may contribute to the effect of alleviating allodynia and hyperalgesia in diabetic rats. The results suggested that DHA might be useful as an adjuvant therapy for the prevention and treatment of painful diabetic neuropathy.

KEYWORDS:

Docosahexaenoic acid; Dorsal root ganglion; Neuron excitability; Painful diabetic neuropathy; Potassium channel; Sodium channel

PMID:
26118950
DOI:
10.1016/j.expneurol.2015.06.022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center