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Indian J Tuberc. 2015 Apr;62(2):121-3. doi: 10.1016/j.ijtb.2015.04.012. Epub 2015 Jun 18.

Yield of pulmonary tuberculosis cases by symptoms: Findings from a community survey in Madhya Pradesh, central India.

Author information

1
Regional Medical Research Centre for Tribals (Indian Council of Medical Research), Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India; Scientist F, Regional Medical Research Centre for Tribals (Indian Council of Medical Research), Nagpur Road, P.O. Garha, Jabalpur 482 003, Madhya Pradesh, India. Electronic address: drvgrao@rediffmail.com.
2
Regional Medical Research Centre for Tribals (Indian Council of Medical Research), Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India.
3
Global TB Programme, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Abstract

A cross-sectional tuberculosis prevalence survey was undertaken in Jabalpur district, Madhya Pradesh, central India. All individuals were questioned for chest symptoms. Sputum samples were collected and examined for microscopy and culture. Overall prevalence of sputum positive pulmonary tuberculosis was found to be 255.3 per 100,000 population. Cough, with or without other symptoms, was present in 75.5% individuals and yielded 88.2% of the detected pulmonary tuberculosis cases. Elicitation of a previous history of treatment yielded 5.9%, and chest pain 4.5% cases. History of fever alone yielded no cases. The findings suggest that a history of fever alone may be safely excluded from the list of symptoms to be elicited in future TB prevalence surveys in India.

KEYWORDS:

Central India; Symptoms; Tuberculosis; Yield

PMID:
26117484
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijtb.2015.04.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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