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Free Radic Biol Med. 2015 Oct;87:356-65. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2015.06.009. Epub 2015 Jun 25.

Critical role of peroxiredoxin 6 in the repair of peroxidized cell membranes following oxidative stress.

Author information

1
Institute for Environmental Medicine, Department of Physiology, University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.
2
Penn Gene Targeting Core and Laboratory of the Department of Genetics, University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.
3
Institute for Environmental Medicine, Department of Physiology, University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Electronic address: abf@mail.med.upenn.edu.

Abstract

Phospholipids are a major structural component of all cell membranes; their peroxidation represents a severe threat to cellular integrity and their repair is important to prevent cell death. Peroxiredoxin 6 (Prdx6), a protein with both GSH peroxidase and phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) activity, plays a critical role in antioxidant defense of the lung and other organs. We investigated the role of Prdx6 in the repair of peroxidized cell membranes in pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVEC) and isolated mouse lungs treated with tert-butyl hydroperoxide and lungs from mice exposed to hyperoxia (100% O(2)). Lipid peroxidation was evaluated by measurement of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, oxidation of diphenyl-1-pyrenylphosphine, or ferrous xylenol orange assay. The exposure dose was varied to give a similar degree of lipid peroxidation at the end of exposure in the different models. Values for lipid peroxidation returned to control levels within 2 h after oxidant removal in wild-type PMVEC and perfused lungs but were unchanged in Pxdx6 null preparations. An intermediate degree of repair was observed with PMVEC and lungs that expressed only C47S or D140A mutant Prdx6; the former mutant does not have peroxidase activity, while the latter loses its PLA(2) activity. Prdx6 null mice showed markedly delayed recovery from lipid peroxidation during 20 h observation following exposure to hyperoxia. Thus, Prdx6 plays a critical role in the repair of peroxidized phospholipids in cell membranes and the recovery of lung cells from peroxidative stress; the peroxidase and PLA(2) activity each contribute to the recovery process.

KEYWORDS:

Diphenyl-1-pyrenylphosphine; Knock-in mice; Lipid peroxidation; Phospholipase A(2); Phospholipid hydroperoxide reductase; Pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells; Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances

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