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Brain Behav Immun. 2016 Jan;51:1-11. doi: 10.1016/j.bbi.2015.06.012. Epub 2015 Jun 23.

Mind-body therapies and control of inflammatory biology: A descriptive review.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, UCLA, United States; Cousins Center for Psychoneuroimmunology, UCLA Semel Institute for Neuroscience, United States; Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine, United States. Electronic address: jbower@ucla.edu.
2
Department of Psychology, UCLA, United States; Cousins Center for Psychoneuroimmunology, UCLA Semel Institute for Neuroscience, United States; Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine, United States.

Abstract

The use of mind-body therapies, including Tai Chi, Qigong, yoga, and meditation, has grown steadily in recent years. These approaches have been shown to be effective in reducing symptoms and improving quality of life, and research has begun to examine the impact of these therapies on biological processes, including inflammation. A review of 26 randomized controlled trials was conducted to describe the effects of mind-body therapies (MBTs) on circulating, cellular, and genomic markers of inflammation. This qualitative evaluation showed mixed effects of MBTs on circulating inflammatory markers, including CRP and IL-6, and on measures of stimulated cytokine production. More consistent findings were seen for genomic markers, with trials showing decreased expression of inflammation-related genes and reduced signaling through the proinflammatory transcription factor NF-κB. Potential mechanisms for these effects are discussed, including alterations in neuroendocrine, neural, and psychological and behavioral processes.

KEYWORDS:

Inflammation; Meditation; Qigong; Review; Tai Chi; Yoga

PMID:
26116436
PMCID:
PMC4679419
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbi.2015.06.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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