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Brain Behav Immun. 2015 Nov;50:1-13. doi: 10.1016/j.bbi.2015.06.010. Epub 2015 Jun 23.

Therapeutic implications of the choroid plexus-cerebrospinal fluid interface in neuropsychiatric disorders.

Author information

1
Inflammation Research Center, VIB, Technologiepark 927, B-9052 Zwijnaarde, Ghent, Belgium; Department of Biomedical Molecular Biology, Ghent University, Technologiepark 927, B-9052 Zwijnaarde, Ghent, Belgium.
2
Inflammation Research Center, VIB, Technologiepark 927, B-9052 Zwijnaarde, Ghent, Belgium; Department of Biomedical Molecular Biology, Ghent University, Technologiepark 927, B-9052 Zwijnaarde, Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: Roosmarijn.Vandenbroucke@irc.VIB-UGent.be.

Abstract

The choroid plexus (CP) comprises an epithelial monolayer that forms an important physical, enzymatic and immunologic barrier, called the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCSFB). It is a highly vascularized organ located in the brain ventricles that is key in maintaining brain homeostasis as it produces cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and has other important secretory functions. Furthermore, the CP-CSF interface plays a putative role in neurogenesis and has been implicated in neuropsychiatric diseases such as the neurodevelopmental disorders schizophrenia and autism. A role for this CNS border was also implicated in sleep disturbances and chronic and/or severe stress, which are risk factors for the development of neuropsychiatric conditions. Understanding the mechanisms by which disturbance of the homeostasis at the CP-CSF interface is involved in these different chronic low-grade inflammatory diseases can give new insights into therapeutic strategies. Hence, this review discusses the different roles that have been suggested so far for the CP in these neuropsychiatric disorders, with special attention to potential therapeutic applications.

KEYWORDS:

Blood–cerebrospinal fluid barrier; Choroid plexus; Neuropsychiatric disorders; Sleep disorders; Therapy

PMID:
26116435
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbi.2015.06.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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