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Indoor Air. 2016 Aug;26(4):571-81. doi: 10.1111/ina.12228. Epub 2015 Jul 16.

A method to measure the ozone penetration factor in residences under infiltration conditions: application in a multifamily apartment unit.

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Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL, USA.


Recent experiments have demonstrated that outdoor ozone reacts with materials inside residential building enclosures, potentially reducing indoor exposures to ozone or altering ozone reaction byproducts. However, test methods to measure ozone penetration factors in residences (P) remain limited. We developed a method to measure ozone penetration factors in residences under infiltration conditions and applied it in an unoccupied apartment unit. Twenty-four repeated measurements were made, and results were explored to (i) evaluate the accuracy and repeatability of the new procedure using multiple solution methods, (ii) compare results from 'interference-free' and conventional UV absorbance ozone monitors, and (iii) compare results against those from a previously published test method requiring artificial depressurization. The mean (±s.d.) estimate of P was 0.54 ± 0.10 across a wide range of conditions using the new method with an interference-free monitor; the conventional monitor was unable to yield meaningful results due to relatively high limits of detection. Estimates of P were not clearly influenced by any indoor or outdoor environmental conditions or changes in indoor decay rate constants. This work represents the first known measurements of ozone penetration factors in a residential building operating under natural infiltration conditions and provides a new method for widespread application in buildings.


Building enclosure; Building envelope; Human exposure; Indoor chemistry; Infiltration factor; Outdoor ozone

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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