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Epigenomics. 2015;7(4):653-67. doi: 10.2217/epi.15.18.

Circulating miRNAs as intercellular messengers, potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets for Type 2 diabetes.

Author information

1
Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche Traslazionali dell'Università di Napoli 'Federico II', Naples, Italy.
2
URT dell'Istituto di Endocrinologia e Oncologia Sperimentale 'Gaetano Salvatore', Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Naples, Italy.

Abstract

miRNAs have emerged as key epigenetic regulators of metabolism. Their deregulation contributes to metabolic abnormalities, proposing their potential role as therapeutic targets for Type 2 diabetes. The exciting finding that miRNAs exist in the bloodstream suggests that circulating miRNAs may act in a hormone-like fashion. Despite the fact that significant progress has been made in understanding circulating miRNAs, this topic is full of complexities and many questions remain unanswered. The goal of this review is to bring together up-to-date knowledge about circulating miRNAs and their role as intercellular communicators as well as potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets in metabolic diseases, providing examples of possible clinical applications for circulating miRNAs in diabetes and cardiovascular complications.

KEYWORDS:

Type 2 diabetes; biomarkers; cell-to-cell communication; circulating miRNAs; therapeutic targets

PMID:
26111035
DOI:
10.2217/epi.15.18
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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