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Transfus Med. 2015 Aug;25(4):249-58. doi: 10.1111/tme.12218. Epub 2015 Jun 23.

Motivators and deterrents to blood donation among Black South Africans: a qualitative analysis of focus group data.

Author information

1
CEO-Strategy, South African National Blood Service, Johannesburg, South Africa.
2
Survey Research Division, Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA.
3
Department of International Research and Training, Blood System Research Institute, San Francisco, California, USA.
4
Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

South Africa has a markedly skewed representation where the majority of blood (62%) is presently collected from an ethnically White minority. This study seeks to identify culturally specific factors affecting motivation of donors in South Africa.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We performed a qualitative study to evaluate motivators and deterrents to blood donation among Black South Africans. A total of 13 focus groups, comprising a total of 97 Black South Africans, stratified by age and geographic location were conducted. Transcripts of the interviews were analysed using a coding framework by Bednall & Bove.

RESULTS:

Participants made 463 unique comments about motivators focusing primarily on promotional communications (28%), incentives (20%) and prosocial motivation (16%). Participants made 376 comments about deterrents which focused primarily on fear (41%), negative attitudes (14%) and lack of knowledge (10%).

CONCLUSION:

Although prosocial motivation (altruism) was the most frequently mentioned individual motivator, promotional communication elicited more overall comments by participants. As reported by many authors, fear and lack of awareness were strong deterrents, but scepticism engendered by perceived racial discrimination in blood collection were unique to the South African environment.

KEYWORDS:

blood donation; deterrents; motivators

PMID:
26104809
PMCID:
PMC4583344
DOI:
10.1111/tme.12218
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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