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Anal Biochem. 1989 Nov 1;182(2):388-98.

Immunoassay employing surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy.

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Diagnostics Division, Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, Illinois 60064.


Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) was used to measure binding between biomolecules with mutual affinity, including antigen-antibody interactions. The conjugation of nitro groups onto bovine serum albumin enhanced their specific SERS activity 10(4)-fold. A dye, 2-[4'-hydroxyphenylazo]benzoic acid (HABA), with a major absorption at the Raman excitation frequency, demonstrated surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering (SERRS) when captured from solution by avidin-coated silver films. Individual peak intensities showed a logarithmic relationship to the HABA concentration in solution over the range 10(-8) to 10(-5) M. Another resonance dye, p-dimethylaminoazobenzene (DAB) was covalently attached to an antibody directed against human thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), without loss of antibody activity. The resultant conjugate was used in a sandwich immunoassay for TSH antigen: silver surfaces coated with anti-TSH antibody captured TSH antigen which in turn captured the DAB-anti-TSH antibody conjugate. A linear relationship was observed between the intensity of the resultant SERRS signals and the TSH antigen concentration over a range of from 4 to 60 microIU/ml. These results demonstrate the potential utility of the SERRS effect as a readout in a one-step, no wash immunoassay system.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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