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J Feline Med Surg. 2015 Jul;17(7):617-9. doi: 10.1177/1098612X15588453.

West Nile virus infection in cats: ABCD guidelines on prevention and management.

Abstract

OVERVIEW:

West Nile virus (WNV) is a zoonotic mosquito-borne virus with a broad host range that infects mainly birds and mosquitos, but also mammals (including humans), reptiles, amphibians and ticks. It is maintained in a bird-mosquito-bird transmission cycle. The most important vectors are bird-feeding mosquitos of the Culex genus; maintenance and amplification mainly involve passerine birds. WNV can cause disease in humans, horses and several species of birds following infection of the central nervous system.

INFECTION IN CATS:

Cats can also be infected through mosquito bites, and by eating infected small mammals and probably also birds. Although seroprevalence in cats can be high in endemic areas, clinical disease and mortality are rarely reported. If a cat is suspected of clinical signs due to an acute WNV infection, symptomatic treatment is indicated.

PMID:
26101314
DOI:
10.1177/1098612X15588453
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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