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Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2015 Jun 18;12(6):7044-58. doi: 10.3390/ijerph120607044.

Annoyance Caused by Noise and Air Pollution during Pregnancy: Associated Factors and Correlation with Outdoor NO2 and Benzene Estimations.

Author information

1
Spanish Consortium for Research on Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Madrid 28029, Spain. capua.uo@uniovi.es.
2
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Oviedo, Asturias 33006, Spain. capua.uo@uniovi.es.
3
Spanish Consortium for Research on Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Madrid 28029, Spain. llop_sab@gva.es.
4
Unit of Epidemiology and Environmental Health, FISABIO-Universitat Jaume I-Universitat de València Joint Research, Valencia 46020, Spain. llop_sab@gva.es.
5
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel 4002, Switzerland. iaguilerajim@gmail.com.
6
University of Basel, Basel 4003, Switzerland. iaguilerajim@gmail.com.
7
Spanish Consortium for Research on Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Madrid 28029, Spain. dml-martinez@ej-gv.es.
8
Health Research Institute, Biodonostia, San Sebastián 20014, Spain. dml-martinez@ej-gv.es.
9
Department of Environment and Regional Planning, Basque Government, San Sebastian 20004, Spain. dml-martinez@ej-gv.es.
10
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel 4002, Switzerland. maria.foraster@unibas.ch.
11
University of Basel, Basel 4003, Switzerland. maria.foraster@unibas.ch.
12
Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), Barcelona 08003, Spain. maria.foraster@unibas.ch.
13
Hospital del Mar-Research Institute (IMIM), Barcelona 08003, Spain. maria.foraster@unibas.ch.
14
Spanish Consortium for Research on Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Madrid 28029, Spain. ballester_fer@gva.es.
15
Unit of Epidemiology and Environmental Health, FISABIO-Universitat Jaume I-Universitat de València Joint Research, Valencia 46020, Spain. ballester_fer@gva.es.
16
Spanish Consortium for Research on Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Madrid 28029, Spain. atardon@uniovi.es.
17
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Oviedo, Asturias 33006, Spain. atardon@uniovi.es.

Abstract

This study aimed to describe the degree of annoyance among pregnant women in a Spanish cohort and to examine associations with proximity to traffic, NO2 and benzene exposure. We included 2457 participants from the Spanish Childhood and Environment study. Individual exposures to outdoor NO2 and benzene were estimated, temporally adjusted for pregnancy. Interviews about sociodemographic variables, noise and air pollution were carried out. Levels of annoyance were assessed using a scale from 0 (none) to 10 (strong and unbearable); a level of 8 to 10 was considered high. The reported prevalence of high annoyance levels from air pollution was 11.2% and 15.0% from noise; the two variables were moderately correlated (0.606). Significant correlations between NO2 and annoyance from air pollution (0.154) and that from noise (0.181) were observed. Annoyance owing to noise and air pollution had a low prevalence in our Spanish population compared with other European populations. Both factors were associated with proximity to traffic. In multivariate models, annoyance from air pollution was related to NO2, building age, and country of birth; annoyance from noise was only related to the first two. The health burden of these exposures can be increased by stress caused by the perception of pollution sources.

KEYWORDS:

annoyance; benzene; environmental pollution; nitrogen dioxide; noise; pregnancy

PMID:
26095869
PMCID:
PMC4483747
DOI:
10.3390/ijerph120607044
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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