Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Mar Environ Res. 2015 Oct;111:5-17. doi: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2015.06.007. Epub 2015 Jun 10.

Microplastics in sediments: A review of techniques, occurrence and effects.

Author information

1
Ghent University, Laboratory of Environmental Toxicology and Aquatic Ecology, Jozef Plateaustraat 22, 9000 Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: lisbeth.vancauwenberghe@ugent.be.
2
Institute of Agricultural and Fisheries Research, Animal Sciences Unit - Aquatic Environment and Quality, Ankerstraat 1, 8400 Ostend, Belgium.
3
IFREMER, LER/PAC, Bastia, France.
4
Ghent University, Laboratory of Environmental Toxicology and Aquatic Ecology, Jozef Plateaustraat 22, 9000 Ghent, Belgium.

Abstract

Microplastics are omnipresent in the marine environment and sediments are hypothesized to be major sinks of these plastics. Here, over 100 articles spanning the last 50 year are reviewed with following objectives: (i) to evaluate current microplastic extraction techniques, (ii) to discuss the occurrence and worldwide distribution of microplastics in sediments, and (iii) to make a comprehensive assessment of the possible adverse effects of this type of pollution to marine organisms. Based on this review we propose future research needs and conclude that there is a clear need for a standardized techniques, unified reporting units and more realistic effect assessments.

KEYWORDS:

Direct effects; Indirect effects; Microplastics; Pellets; Sediment; Techniques

PMID:
26095706
DOI:
10.1016/j.marenvres.2015.06.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center