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Cell. 2015 Jul 2;162(1):170-83. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2015.05.051. Epub 2015 Jun 18.

A Conserved Circular Network of Coregulated Lipids Modulates Innate Immune Responses.

Author information

1
CeMM Research Center for Molecular Medicine of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, 1090 Vienna, Austria.
2
European Molecular Biology Laboratory, EMBL, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
3
CeMM Research Center for Molecular Medicine of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, 1090 Vienna, Austria; Center for Physiology and Pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria. Electronic address: gsuperti@cemm.oeaw.ac.at.

Abstract

Lipid composition affects the biophysical properties of membranes that provide a platform for receptor-mediated cellular signaling. To study the regulatory role of membrane lipid composition, we combined genetic perturbations of sphingolipid metabolism with the quantification of diverse steps in Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling and mass spectrometry-based lipidomics. Membrane lipid composition was broadly affected by these perturbations, revealing a circular network of coregulated sphingolipids and glycerophospholipids. This evolutionarily conserved network architecture simultaneously reflected membrane lipid metabolism, subcellular localization, and adaptation mechanisms. Integration of the diverse TLR-induced inflammatory phenotypes with changes in lipid abundance assigned distinct functional roles to individual lipid species organized across the network. This functional annotation accurately predicted the inflammatory response of cells derived from patients suffering from lipid storage disorders, based solely on their altered membrane lipid composition. The analytical strategy described here empowers the understanding of higher-level organization of membrane lipid function in diverse biological systems.

PMID:
26095250
PMCID:
PMC4523684
DOI:
10.1016/j.cell.2015.05.051
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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