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EuroIntervention. 2015 Jun;11(2):163-70. doi: 10.4244/EIJV11I2A30.

Usefulness of combined intravascular ultrasound parameters to predict functional significance of coronary artery stenosis and determinants of mismatch.

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Keimyung University Dongsan Medical Center, Daegu, Republic of Korea.



Efficacy of combined intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) parameters in functional significance prediction and discrepancy between IVUS and fractional flow reserve (FFR) have not been well defined. This study therefore aimed to: 1) evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of combined IVUS parameters, namely minimal lumen area (MLA) and percent plaque burden (%PB), in functional significance prediction of coronary artery stenosis; and 2) define factors that affect the relation between FFR value and IVUS parameters.


At 11 international centres, IVUS and FFR measurements were concurrently performed in 945 major epicardial coronary artery lesions (886 patients). Functional significance was defined as FFR ≤0.8. MLA and FFR correlated weakly (r=0.289, p<0.001). Diagnostic accuracy of MLA ≤4.0 mm2, %PB >70% and their combination were 50%, 47% and 51%, respectively, with similar area under the curve (AUC) of 0.561, 0.511 and 0.516, respectively. The best cut-off values (BCV) were MLA ≤3.0 mm2 and %PB >75%, with accuracy of 60% for MLA, 50% for %PB and 56% for their combination, and AUC of 0.618, 0.511 and 0.533, respectively. MLA BCV ≤3.0 mm2 had higher predictive power than %PB BCV >75% or their combination. Independent predictors of functional significance were male gender (odds ratio 1.76 [95% confidence interval: 1.19-2.62]), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF, 0.98 [0.96-0.99]), LAD lesion (2.52 [1.73-3.67]), reference vessel diameter (0.60 [0.41-0.86]), lesion length (1.04 [1.02-1.06]) and MLA (0.79 [0.69-0.92]). False negative lesion incidence was 24.4% in association with race (for Asians, 0.391 [0.219-0.698]), LAD lesion (2.677 [1.709-4.191]) and LVEF (0.977 [0.957-0.997]). False positive lesion incidence was 17.0% in association with non-LAD lesion (2.444 [1.620-3.686]).


Combined IVUS parameters did not improve the accuracy of functional significance prediction. Discrepancy between IVUS and FFR, which was not rare, should be taken into account in clinical decision making.

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