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J Am Acad Dermatol. 2015 Aug;73(2):264-71. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2015.04.038. Epub 2015 Jun 16.

The role of adjuvant therapy in pemphigus: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology, Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Hospital, Petach Tikva, Israel.
2
Department of Dermatology, Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Hospital, Petach Tikva, Israel; Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
3
Department of Dermatology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon.
4
Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev and South District Health Office, Ministry of Health, Beer Sheva, Israel.
5
Department of Dermatology, Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.
6
Department of Dermatology, Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Hospital, Petach Tikva, Israel; Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. Electronic address: mimouni@post.tau.ac.il.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The assumption that adjuvant modalities have added value to oral glucocorticoids in the treatment of pemphigus is intuitively sound but has not been conclusively proven.

OBJECTIVE:

We sought to compare the efficacy and safety of oral glucocorticoid treatment with or without adjuvants for pemphigus vulgaris and pemphigus foliaceus.

METHODS:

We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. The primary outcome was remission. Secondary outcomes were disease control, time to disease control, relapse, time to relapse, cumulative glucocorticoid dose, withdrawal because of adverse events, and all-cause death. Trials were pooled irrespective of adjuvant type evaluated.

RESULTS:

Ten trials (559 participants) were included. Adjuvants evaluated were azathioprine, mycophenolate mofetil, cyclophosphamide, cyclosporine, intravenous immunoglobulin, plasma exchange, and infliximab; not all were included in every analysis. Although adjuvants were not beneficial for achieving remission, they were found to collectively decrease the risk of relapse by 29% (relative risk 0.71, 95% confidence interval 0.53-0.95).

LIMITATIONS:

Different adjuvants were pooled together.

CONCLUSION:

Adjuvants have a role in pemphigus treatment, at least in reducing the risk of relapse. Further randomized controlled trials of other promising modalities are warranted.

KEYWORDS:

adjuvant; glucocorticoids; meta-analysis; pemphigus; pemphigus vulgaris; systematic review; therapy

PMID:
26088689
DOI:
10.1016/j.jaad.2015.04.038
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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