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Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2015 Dec;19(6):597-603. doi: 10.1016/j.ejon.2015.03.006. Epub 2015 Jun 16.

A retrospective analysis to identify the factors affecting infection in patients undergoing chemotherapy.

Author information

1
Graduate School of Public Policy & Civic Engagement, Kyung Hee University, 26 Kyunghee-daero, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 130-701, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Nursing, Shinhan University, 30, Beolmadeul-ro 40beon-gil, Dongducheon-si, Gyeonggi-do 483-777, Republic of Korea.
3
College of Nursing Science, Kyung Hee University, 26 Kyunghee-daero, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 130-701, Republic of Korea.
4
College of Nursing Science and East-West Nursing Research Institute, Kyung Hee University, 26 Kyungheedae-ro, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 130-701, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: ekyun@khu.ac.kr.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study compares the performance of the logistic regression and decision tree analysis methods for assessing the risk factors for infection in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy.

METHOD:

The subjects were 732 cancer patients who were receiving chemotherapy at K university hospital in Seoul, Korea. The data were collected between March 2011 and February 2013 and were processed for descriptive analysis, logistic regression and decision tree analysis using the IBM SPSS Statistics 19 and Modeler 15.1 programs.

RESULTS:

The most common risk factors for infection in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy were identified as alkylating agents, vinca alkaloid and underlying diabetes mellitus. The logistic regression explained 66.7% of the variation in the data in terms of sensitivity and 88.9% in terms of specificity. The decision tree analysis accounted for 55.0% of the variation in the data in terms of sensitivity and 89.0% in terms of specificity. As for the overall classification accuracy, the logistic regression explained 88.0% and the decision tree analysis explained 87.2%.

CONCLUSIONS:

The logistic regression analysis showed a higher degree of sensitivity and classification accuracy. Therefore, logistic regression analysis is concluded to be the more effective and useful method for establishing an infection prediction model for patients undergoing chemotherapy.

KEYWORDS:

Chemotherapy; Decision tree; Infection; Logistic regression

PMID:
26088125
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejon.2015.03.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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