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Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2015 Nov;22(21):16721-31. doi: 10.1007/s11356-015-4866-z. Epub 2015 Jun 20.

Isotherm, kinetic, and thermodynamic studies on Hg(II) adsorption from aqueous solution by silica- multiwall carbon nanotubes.

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Chemistry Department, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran, 31261, Saudi Arabia.


Silica combined with 2% multiwall carbon nanotubes (SiO2-CNT) was synthesized and characterized. Its sorption efficacy was investigated for the Hg(II) removal from an aqueous solution. The effect of pH on the percentage removal by the prepared material was examined in the range from 3 to 7. The adsorption kinetics were well fitted by using a pseudo-second-order model at various initial Hg(II) concentrations with R (2) of >0.99. The experimental data were plotted using the interparticle diffusion model, which indicated that the interparticle diffusion is not the only rate-limiting step. The data is well described by the Freundlich isotherm equation. The activation energy (Ea) for adsorption was 12.7 kJ mol(-1), indicating the process is to be physisorption. Consistent with an endothermic process, an increase in the temperature resulted in increasing mercury removal with a ∆H(o) of 13.3 kJ/mol and a ∆S(o) 67.5 J/mol K. The experimental results demonstrate that the combining of silica and nanotubes is a promising alternative material, which can be used to remove the mercury from wastewaters.


Environmental degradation; SiO2-CNT; Surface analysis

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