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MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2015 Jun 19;64(23):625-30.

State Legislation, Regulations, and Hospital Guidelines for Newborn Screening for Critical Congenital Heart Defects - United States, 2011-2014.


Critical congenital heart defects (CCHD) occur in approximately two of every 1,000 live births. Newborn screening provides an opportunity for reducing infant morbidity and mortality. In September 2011, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Secretary endorsed the recommendation that critical congenital heart defects be added to the Recommended Uniform Screening Panel (RUSP) for all newborns. In 2014, CDC collaborated with the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Division of State Government Affairs and the Newborn Screening Technical Assistance and Evaluation Program (NewSTEPs) to assess states' actions for adopting newborn screening for CCHD. Forty-three states have taken action toward newborn screening for CCHD through legislation, regulations, or hospital guidelines. Among those 43, 32 (74%) are collecting or planning to collect CCHD screening data; however, the type of data collected by CCHD newborn screening programs varies by state. State mandates for newborn screening for CCHD will likely increase the number of newborns screened, allowing for the possibility of early identification and prevention of morbidity and mortality. Data collection at the state level is important for surveillance, monitoring of outcomes, and evaluation of state CCHD newborn screening programs.

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