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Diagnosis and treatment of bacterial prostatitis.

Author information

1
Clinic for Infectious Diseases and Febrile Illnesses, University Clinical Centra Ljubljana, Slovenia. Corresponding author: jerneja.videcnik@gmail.com.
2
Clinic for Infectious Diseases and Febrile Illnesses, University Clinical Centra Ljubljana, Slovenia.
3
Institute of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Zaloška 4, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.
4
Department of Urology, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Abstract

Prostate inflammation is a common syndrome, especially in men under 50. It usually presents with voiding symptoms and pain in the genitourinary area, and sometimes as sexual dysfunction. Based on clinical and laboratory characteristics, prostatitis is classified as acute bacterial prostatitis, chronic bacterial prostatitis, chronic inflammatory and non-inflammatory prostatitis or chronic pelvic pain syndrome, and asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis. Bacterial prostatitis is most often caused by infection with uropathogens, mainly Gram-negative bacilli, but Gram-positive and atypical microorganisms have also been identified as causative organisms of chronic prostatitis. According to reports by several authors, Chlamydia trachomatis and Trichomonas vaginalis are some of the most common pathogens, making chronic prostatitis a sexually transmitted disease. Diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis in particular can be challenging.

PMID:
26086164
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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