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J Natl Cancer Inst. 2015 Jun 17;107(9). pii: djv172. doi: 10.1093/jnci/djv172. Print 2015 Sep.

Important Role of Menarche in Development of Estrogen Receptor-Negative Breast Cancer in African American Women.

Author information

1
Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY (CBA, GZ, CCH, SY, DC); University of North Carolina Lineberger Cancer Center, Chapel Hill, NC (MAT, AFO); Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ (EVB); Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR (PS); Slone Epidemiology Center at Boston University, Boston, MA (TNB, LR, JRP); University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, Denver, CO (VB); University of Hawaii Cancer Center, Honolulu, HI (SYP, LNK). christine.ambrosone@roswellpark.org.
2
Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY (CBA, GZ, CCH, SY, DC); University of North Carolina Lineberger Cancer Center, Chapel Hill, NC (MAT, AFO); Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ (EVB); Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR (PS); Slone Epidemiology Center at Boston University, Boston, MA (TNB, LR, JRP); University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, Denver, CO (VB); University of Hawaii Cancer Center, Honolulu, HI (SYP, LNK).

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Menarche is a critical time point for diverging fates of mammary cells of origin. African American women have young age at menarche, which could be associated with their high rates of estrogen receptor-negative (ER-) breast cancer.

METHODS:

In the AMBER Consortium, using harmonized data from 4426 African American women with breast cancer and 17 474 controls, we used polytomous logistic regression to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for ages at menarche and first live birth (FLB), and the interval between, in relation to ER+ and ER- breast cancer. All statistical tests were two-sided.

RESULTS:

Risk of ER- breast cancer was reduced with later age at menarche among both parous and nulliparous women (≥15 vs <11 years OR = 0.62, 95% CI = 0.48 to 0.81 and OR = 0.56, 95% CI = 0.29 to 1.10, respectively), with no effect of age at FLB. For ER+ breast cancer, the inverse association was weaker among nulliparous women. While longer intervals between menarche and FLB were associated with increased risk of ER+ breast cancer in a dose-response fashion (OR for 20 year interval = 1.39, 95% CI = 1.08 to 1.79, P trend = .003), ER- risk was only increased for intervals up to 14 years and not beyond (P trend = .33).

CONCLUSIONS:

While ER- breast cancer risk was markedly reduced in women with a late age at menarche, there was not a clear pattern of increased risk with longer interval between menarche and FLB, as was observed for ER+ breast cancer. These findings indicate that etiologic pathways involving adolescence and pregnancy may differ for ER- and ER+ breast cancer.

PMID:
26085483
PMCID:
PMC4836800
DOI:
10.1093/jnci/djv172
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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